How to Verify the Authenticity of the Documents of a Plot/Land
A Guide to Understand the Issues Plaguing Property Transactions
After months and sometimes years of search, buyers identify plots or lands that fit their need and budget. At the same time, we constantly hear of reports of frauds in real estate transactions. This creates nagging doubts in the minds of buyers about the authenticity of the documents and also the seller.
Knowledge of Law is not essential
The main issues a buyer should be concerned are:
How to Go About
Field Inquiry has no substitute
Duplicate Documents and Impersonations
Doubt the Authenticity of a Document when it lies unattended for long
Enter the Fraudsters
Earlier Procedures in Registration gave scope for such frauds
Double Documents and Duplicate Documents are not one and the same
Impersonation is generally associated with Duplicate Documents. In some cases even when the documents are genuine, impersonation takes place. This is when the family members indulge in the impersonation. Sisters or Brothers of owners may do it. The reasons may be many. One should make sure only the right person signs the documents.
This can be done by verifying the Id proof provided by the Seller.
Defects in the Documents
Pending Litigations and Acquisition Notices
Unfortunately, any pending Litigation may not come to light on scrutiny of the documents.
The Encumbrance Certificate also may not reveal it.
Any litigation in a court of law, Oral Agreements/Arrangements, Unregistered documents, acquisition proceedings, etc., will not find a place in the EC.
Dues payable like Tax arrears are also won’t find a place in the EC.
Also, one can not rule out the possibility of the existence of any Legal Heirs who may not find their names in the official documents.
These things can be cleared only through field inquiry.
Things to do or remember to find out the truth behind the documents and the seller
3)Any proposal for acquisition of Land also will not find a place in the EC.
This and more can be found out by a meeting with the Village Administrative Officer.
5)Check the land records with the registration office. Do a thorough search of document for that land parcel in all the registry and related offices having jurisdiction over the property.